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Nadiras C., Delaleau M., Schwartz A., Margeat E. and Boudvillain M

A Fluorogenic Assay To Monitor Rho-Dependent Termination of Transcription.

Biochemistry (2019) [Epub ahead of print]

par Frapart - publié le

Abstract :

Transcription termination mediated by the ring-shaped, ATP-dependent Rho motor is a multipurpose regulatory mechanism specific to bacteria and constitutes an interesting target for the development of new antibiotics. Although Rho-dependent termination can punctuate gene expression or contribute to the protection of the genome at hundreds of sites within a given bacterium, its exact perimeter and site- or species-specific features remain insufficiently characterized. New advanced approaches are required to explore thoroughly the diversity of Rho-dependent terminators and complexity of associated mechanisms. Current in vitro analyses of Rho-dependent termination rely on radiolabeling, gel electrophoresis, and phosphorimaging of transcription reaction products and are thus hazardous, inconvenient, and low throughput. To address these limitations, we have developed the first in vitro assay using a fluorescence detection modality to study Rho-dependent transcription termination. This powerful experimental tool accurately estimates terminator strengths in a matter of minutes and is optimized for a microplate reader format allowing multiplexed characterization of putative terminator sequences and mechanisms or high throughput screening of new drugs targeting Rho-dependent termination.